Wednesday, March 31, 2010

Revision - Sovereignty and Partition

Cuman na Gaedheal
1922 – 1932
Taoiseach – W T Cosgrave

Fianna Fail 1932 – 1948
Taoiseach - Eamon DeValera
Economic crisis - Aftermath of War of Indep and Civil War
Partition – southern Irish economy poor – high unemployment
Dependence on UK re finance and trade
Rural focus – low industrialisation
Central Policy focus on Agriculture sector – free trade – low taxes – link Irish pound with sterling
Patrick Hogan – standards of production, advisers, ACC set up to offer cheap loans, land commission, land Act
Less focus on Industrial Policy – Free Trade vs Protectionism debate – Fiscal Enquiry Committee
Tariffs on small amount of products 1924/35 – concentrate on free trade
Shannon Scheme – major achievement 1929 – cheap power for Industry and public – ESB set up to distribute through one of the first National Grids in Europe
Low Taxes and cuts in spending
Cuts in Old Age pension and no of people getting social Welfare
‘Ultimate Financial Agreement’ with Britain – commitment to pay €5milion of Land Annuities
Some success – agricultural exports increase, small increase in industrial employment, budget balanced
- 30’s World Depression
Economic War + 30’s depression – devastating effect for farmers
Self – Sufficiency
James Ryan - subsidies for farmers – encourage to switch from cattle (arable farming) to crops (tillage) – fixed prices for sugar beet
Industry focus – Sean Lemass
Protectionism – encourage Irish industry set up ICC to give cheap loans to Industry
Semi State Companies set up – Irish Sugar Company, Aer Lingus, Board na Mona, Irish Life
Increase in taxes and some spending
1933 – Unemployment Assistance Act, National Insurance Act – improve benefits.

Improved Old Age and blind pensions 1935 – pensions for widows and orphans introduced.
1932 – Housing Act – improved housing provisions
End to Land Annuities – final Lump Sum Agreed
Some success – more in Industry than Agriculture - some increase in Jobs in Industry but still high unemployment and wages low – increase in Taxes and cost of living
Consolidating Democracy
Continuity and Conservatism
Creation of Civil service
Creation of Legal System
Deals with Boundary Commission and Anglo-Irish Agreement
Law and Order – sets up Garda Siochana – deals firmly with Army Mutiny 1924
- detention without trial to deal with increased IRA violence
- Electoral Amendment Act 1927
- Constitution Amendment act – military tribunal set up to try political offences – power to declare organisations illegal – IRA declared illegal
Peaceful transition of power to FF.
Creation of new Constitution
Bunreacht na Heireann – Irish Constitution 1937
Socially conservative re role of women and role of catholic church – irish lang
Deal with threat from O Duffy + Blueshirts – march banned – ACA declared illegal
1936 – declared IRA illegal and key members arrested
Foreign (Inc Anglo
Join League of Nations
Part of the Commonwealth
Follow the terms of the Treaty
Dismantling the Treaty – ‘changes’ – ‘radicalism’
Active Role in the league of Nations, 1933 Abolished Oath of Allegiance,
Downgraded and abolishing the role of Governor General,
Ended the right of appeal to the Privy Council, Abolished the Senate, 1936 External Relations Act,
Bunreacht na Heireann, Economic War,
1938 Anglo Irish Agreement - end of land Annuities and return of Treaty Ports

Monday, March 29, 2010

Revision - Dictatorship and Democracy - Rise of Hitler and Road to War.

Check out this good summary on the rise of Hitler and the road to World War 2. Includes interesting primary source footage(From the BBC series History File)

Wednesday, March 24, 2010

Revision - Dictatorship and Democracy - Nuremberg Rallies

Check out footage of the Nuremberg Rallies + Triumph of the Will- Propaganda.

Monday, March 22, 2010

Revision - Dictatorship and Democracy

Key Personality - Charlie Chaplin.

Thanks to Una for sharing this link! Very powerful speech criticising Hitler and Nazism, from Chaplin's first talking film 'The Great Dictator' released in 1940.

Wednesday, March 3, 2010

Sixth Year, Leaving Certificate History - Revision Seminar

Event - Sixth Year History Revision Seminar

Venue - Edmund Burke Theatre, Trinity College, Dublin

Date - Saturday 20th March 2010

Cost - 20 euro payable at the door. First Come First served basis.

9.30 - Registration

10-11.00 - The Marking Scheme and how to maximise your marks - Ms Susan Cashell, Advising Examiner and teacher.

11.00-12.00 - tackling the Case Studies in 'Dictatorship and Democracy' - Sean Delap - teacher and text book author.

12.00 - 1.00 - Contextualisation of the 3 case studies - Gerard O sullivan - teacher and HIST Inservice team member.

Monday, March 1, 2010

Talking History Podcasts - Newstalk Radio

Check out the archive of useful podcasts from Newstalk 106-108Fm's popular history programme Talking History. Upcoming programmes of specific interest to our LC syllabus will be available as follows:

Monday 11th March -special Leaving Certificate History programme
Monday 15th March - Fine Gael
Monday 22nd March - Patrick Pearse andd Martin Luther King
Monday 29th March - Edward Carson, Bobby Kennedy and Roger Casement

Go to or itunes

Talking History on Newstalk every Sunday from 7pm - 9pm.